In 982 Eric the Red, the Norwegian (Viking) explorer discovered Greenland and four years later he established a 500 man colony there. Ten years later the son of Eric the Red, Leif Ericson, explored the eastern seaboard with his ships.
Johannes Bronsted writes about this brave exploration in his book "The Vikings", published by Penguin Books. Another 35 man expedition also explored Helluland (Hudson Bay) and its northern entrance. Samuel Laing in 1844 published in English Snorro Sturleson 1215 chronicle, the "Heimskringla". In this one can read of the 1387 Flateryarbo also, which talks of the discovery of America by the Vikings.
[note this translation is through several indirect sources .. and may not be exact.] ".. One evening one of the members of our scouts, which Eric split into two groups disappeared. Tyrker was missing, the southern born foreigner. Since he was Leif's raising (not natural) father and prominent aged leader, Leif worried about him and blamed his men for loosing him. After this he took 12 men to search for him right away. In a short time they found the old man, whom they hugged with great joy. Tyrkir is short and flat faced, sharp eyed and an expert in all the crafts. Leif asked him, why he got separated from the other men. After which many interesting things happened.
The aged leader became so agitated and gesticulated and reverted to his own language so that the others could no longer understand him. Eventually he settled down and said "I did not get separated very far from the others and I have some important news. I found some grapes and grape vines, he finally translated." " Is this true, my raising father" asked Leif.
"Exactly! Since I was raised in such a region where it grew in abundance. I spent a night there and then filled a rowboat with grapes and vines." Leif named this land from this discovery to be Vinland.
It was Laing who first established that Tyrker was Hungarian. In those years Byzanteens, Arabs and others called the Hungarians Tourks. This mainly because they for a short time came under the rule of the Kök-Turks then the Khazars. Slightly different than the Turks
of the time who still lived only in Central Asia and not near Europe.
Tyrker could have become a prisoner of war during one of the many Hungarian military expeditions that went throughout Europe from Byzanteum, Italy, Germany, France, and Spain. Actually there were plenty of contacts between the Vikings and Hungarians in the area of Kiev.
Walter Kramer commented in his "Wonders of the world" that Tyrker did not confuse the wild grape with the many wild berries which resemble it in this region. Had Tyrker been German they could have figured out what he was saying, but had no clue with Hungarian.
In the 1700s a Runic Stone was found in Nova Scotia, at Yarmouth Bay. This find was held for a long time by the Yourmouth Library. In a Canadian travel guide it is described as weighing 181 Kg and it was now in the Yarmouth Museum. Its size is 78x70x50 cm made of sandstone. A faxsimile of the runes on it is found in Hovgaards book. The discovery of these "runes" at the most northern extent of the grapes growing area would have been a valuable historic document. However there is but one problem with the stone. It is not
written in Scandinavian Viking runes. It is written with Hungarian Runes, which may have a few common looking signs but mostly it is different in both alphabetic meaning and in looks. These runes which have always seemed very suspicious to researchers finally got
to Hungary in 1984.
Sylvia Luis, who spent most of her life in the analysis of Hungarian and other runic writing inspected the writing. She read the writing which was written from left to right in the old Hungarian fashion, with the following message: " (Erik) Son traveled through this area with many of his people." ( -son járt e hejen is sok társával.)
Rather a short message. The edges of the message were worn down and so Erkison only had the SON part left. The decoding of this ancient stone was first published in a book by Simon Zoltan, "Atlantis: the seven seals".
Helge Ingstad professor's book also includes another curiosity, a very ancient Hungarian map of Vinland, which indicates that Tyrker must have returned to Hungary somehow. This map was replicated again in 1599 from a then very old map found in the city of
Nagy-Szombat. This copy was rediscovered in the second World War in the ruins of a building. An American offered $50,000 for it to its owner who did not accept the offer. This map according to Ingstad, Bergsland professors belongs to the class of the Sigurd Stefanson which are found in Skalholt monastery in Iceland.
This Hungarian map is also a doubly rare find, because of it's long runic Hungarian writing. A book by A Johnson claims that the Viking settlements in America lasted some 500 years before finally disappearing. Many of their buildings have been found and excavated
and even a church has also been found. A summary of an article by John Cuth, "Kolombus elött 500 évvel", appearing in Ujvilág, a California based Hungarian newspaper. Some additional facts also added by the translator.
by Mavi Boncuk - Summarized from an article by John Cuth, by Fred Hámori